So without further ado, I am pleased to present the award of Best Modern Dictator to Muammar el-Qaddafi of Libya, who topped a very competitive list of authoritarians. [...] [W]hile there are many oppressive governments around the world, there is only one Qaddafi, who manages to mix Leader for Life status, an enormous quantity of oil wealth, an impressive wardrobe and just enough craziness to keep his enemies and opponents on their toes.
Which reminds me of the famous line in Annie Hall:
If you’re already sporting a beard, good luck.
Following up on Fabrizio Gilardi’s recent excursions into world literature and in commemoration of Leo Tolstoy who passed away 100 years back on November 20th 1910, I would like to share a literary illustration of the social influence concept of shaming (i.e. the public expose of inconsistencies and illegitimate behavior). I cite from Tolstoy’s Kreutzer Sonnata in which during a train ride, the first-person narrator clashes with an old merchant about gender equality. The merchant: “Ja, so ist’s wenn man versäumt, den Frauen rechtzeitig die Kandare anzulegen, dann ist’s gefehlt.” “Aber Sie haben doch eben selbst erzählt, wie sich verheiratete Männer auf der Messe in Kunawino belustigen”, sagte ich; ich konnte diese Bemerkung nicht unterdrücken. “Das ist ein Ding für sich”, sagte der Kaufmann und brütete schweigend vor sich hin.
Renovation work at UN headquarters in Geneva over the past few years has turned up a considerable amount of bugs. Now there is another bug problem at UN headquarters in New York.
Whereas the Geneva bugs were of the eavesdropping kind (biologists might call them Cimex auditorius) the bugs in New York were of an entirely different kind, namely Cimex lectularius. These bugs, commonly called bedbugs, are, according to Wikipedia, “small parasitic insects [...] that prefer to feed on human blood [...] The name ‘bedbug’ is derived from the insect’s preferred habitat of houses and especially beds or other areas where people sleep. Bedbugs, though not strictly nocturnal, are mainly active at night and are capable of feeding unnoticed on their hosts.”
I always thought that New York is a city that never sleeps. Never mind. But the bugging of UN headquarters is surely a wonderful natural experiment. Insect specialists of the world, unite! And help political scientists find out which parts of the UN administration and which UN conferences are the most bug infested ones. Controlling for other factors this will allow us to determine where in the UN the real action is – there is, supposedly, an negative correlation with bug infestation rates.
Jean Ziegler: Was haben Sie studiert?
Tages Anzeiger: Ich? Geschichte und Politologie.
Jean Ziegler: Soziologie wäre gescheiter gewesen. Da hätten Sie mehr gelernt.
I actually took a sociology course with Jean Ziegler at the University of Geneva in 1994. Here are required readings, which I still fondly keep in my office:
You actually have to give some credit to someone who titles a sociology textbook “Retournez les fusils!“, with the subtitle (not visible in the photo) “Manuel de sociologie d’opposition.”
Bonus anecdote: at the beginning of each class, before Jean Ziegler’s entrance (usually 5-10 minutes late), his African assistant carried in two huge maps, one of Africa and the other of Latin America, and proceeded to hang them at each side of the podium. Jean Ziegler never made use of them. But they certainly did create a nice scenographic effect.